According to the latest data from the Turkish Statistical Institute, the country’s annual inflation rate for the month of July was 79.6%, the highest in 24 years. Rising transportation costs, food and non-alcoholic beverages were some of the product categories that contributed to the overall rate increase.
Transportation Costs Rose the Most
Turkey’s consumer inflation rate in July surged to 79.60% — the highest in 24 years — while the monthly rate stood at 2.37%, the latest data from the Turkish Statistical Institute (TSI) has shown. According to the data, transportation costs, which rose by 119.1%, were one of the four main product groups whose prices rose faster than the consumer price index (CPI).
Source: Turkish Statistical Institute
The three other product groups whose inflation rate rose faster than 79.6% are food and non-alcoholic beverages which went up by 94.65%, furnishings and household equipment (88.35%), and alcoholic beverages and tobacco (82.66%).
However, according to the TSI, while the transportation group is noted as the group with the biggest monthly increase, the data shows it is also the only main group that recorded a negative monthly increase — approximately -0.85%. On the other hand, the health group saw the highest monthly increase of 6.98% and is closely followed by the alcoholic beverages and tobacco group which saw an increase of 6.85%.
Rate of Price Increases Accelerated in 2022
Although Turkey’s inflation rate had been trending upwards since the year 2021, starting in January 2022, the rate of price increases has accelerated. This can be corroborated by the latest TSI data which shows that since December 2021 prices have increased by an average of 45.72%. At the same point last year, prices had increased by 10.41%, and 6.37% a year before.
Meanwhile, according to a Reuters report, Turkey’s rapidly depreciating local currency, as well as the impact of the ongoing Ukraine-Russia war, are some of the main factors contributing to the rise in prices. Despite the rate’s rise to levels last seen in 1998, the Turkish central bank has reportedly said it expects this to drop to 42.8% by the end of 2022.